Within This Century, It May Be Difficult or Impossible To Grow Some Crops In California

Farmers in California

By the year 2050, the yields of certain crops in California could decrease by up to 40%. This is due to the warming of the climate. A team of researchers in California analyzed 89 studies about global warming. They found that warming temperatures could significantly affect how plants grow and where plants grow.

It's not surprising that warmer temperatures would hurt crop yields. Some plants need a certain amount of chill hours in order to properly grow and develop. The conditions must be specific and correct in order for plants to properly yield fruits, nuts and vegetables. Crops that require the most amount of chill hours, like walnuts, will suffer the most from warmer temperatures. Some crops, like alfalfa, may actually do better and produce more yields in warmer weather.

The fact that crops in California could be affected so drastically is alarming. Farmers in California grow more than 400 different kinds of crops. About 99% of the walnuts in America are from California. It is projected that by the end of this century, walnuts, apricots and peaches—some of California's main tree crops, will not be able to be grown or profited off of as much. Other crops such as avocados, strawberries, corn, table grapes,cherries and rice will suffer, as well.

For a long time, California has had a long history of temperature fluctuations. However, in recent years temperature changes and droughts have become so consistent that it is becoming a concern for agricultural communities. The change in temperatures is a serious concern because it implies that a lot of negative consequences may happen in the future. These consequences include the economic suffering of farmers, food insecurities for America and the rest of the world and the balance of the environment being thrown off.

Before these projected agricultural problems become heavy realities, it is crucial to plan ahead. Farmers in California, researchers and government officials must think about bypassing these unavoidable climatic problems. We must grow more agriculture that is climate resilient. Perhaps farmers should grow different crops that can better withstand the new high temperatures. Heat-resistant crops should be tried and tested. There are other crops that can be grown that don't need chill hours.

There must also be more policies put in place to reduce emissions that are destroying the atmosphere. Ever since industrialization and the appearance of motor vehicles, there has been a noticeable change in the environment.